Client: California Regional Centers
Contributions: UX Research, Design Strategist, UX Writer
Team: Yvette Portello,Toni Donovan, Kate Jamison-Alward
I authored a service design partnering Regional Centers and Planned Parenthoods throughout California. The service provides viable and effective sexual and reproductive health education to people with special needs. At the time it was authored, less than 13% of providers in North America offered this education.
My team taught at 62% of schools in the three northernmost counties in California and noticed a majority were not in compliance with California state education mandates (as outlined in the CA Healthy Youth Act). Sexual and reproductive health education is mandated across the state for all students-including students in special day classes- twice before graduating high school.
With the support of my manager and teaching team, I was allowed to explore this issue, and what it meant in the context of my community.
How might we improve access to sexual and reproductive health education in California to include all populations?
Laws are in place to ensure equality. Unequal education indicates systemic inequality. Systemic inequality is a wicked problem. To achieve a dynamic understanding of this issue, I explored pre-existing research, spoke to various stakeholders in the community, and interviewed experts.
Research Method 1: Naturalistic and Participatory Research
I conducted participant observation within various events and settings. These included a variety of community-based networking and service provision events. I mapped out stakeholders to better visualize connections and derived a few findings.
As I started to gain a better picture of the community and its resources, I wanted to understand what outcomes result from a lack of this education, who else within my community provides it, and why schools have difficulty meeting mandates.
1. There were unmet sexual and reproductive health education needs from school-aged children to adults with special needs.
2. PPNorCal Health Education Specialists were uniquely positioned to provide this education because of our expertise and resources.
3. California Healthy Youth Act mandates are difficult for many schools and teachers to accomplish without supplemental education even with typical classes.
As requests started to come in for education, I started conducting my literature review and came across some formative key findings.
Research Method 2: Literature Review
I conducted a literature review to learn about education: needs, topics, curricula, tools, and what factors inhibit service provision. I discovered the following key findings:
1. This population is 7x more likely to experience sexual abuse than other populations and less than 13% of service providers in North America provide sexual and reproductive health education to populations who have special needs (Vice). This is often tied to lack of funding, coordination, and negative attitudes (World Health Organization).
2. As according to various curricula and the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States, the education provided to this population is only as effective as an educator's ability to adapt the content to the needs of the individual (Siecus).
As I gained a better understanding of the needs and barriers for providing education for this population, I geared up for a panel interview with Regional Center experts.
Research Method 3: Networking and Subject Matter Expert Panel Interview
By conducting a panel interview, I aimed to: learn about issues affecting local Regional Center clients, resources needed by Service Coordinators and other professionals, and establish a professional working relationship between the Regional Center and my team.
From networking and my panel interview with the Redwood Coast Regional Center, I learned:
1. Professional and non-professional advocates wanted sexual and reproductive health education for people who have special needs. This reflected findings from my literature review (Siecus).
2. The Regional Center wanted to collaborate on a plan with Planned Parenthood Northern California to provide this necessary education. This could bypass systemic barriers within the education system. It could also help adults access this necessary education.
I used these findings and experience to formulate some insights:
1. People who have special needs were vulnerable not because of their mental, physical or emotional disposition, but because of their occlusion from typical sexual and reproductive health education. This occlusion was symptomatic of unequal treatment, deficient understandings of abilities and dessires, and a lack of dynamic education.
2. Education is a means of proactive intervention not just to avoid negative consequences, but to ensure positive outcomes. Positive outcomes require adaptable education.
3. Collaboration improves the quality of education. By incorporating multi-valent stakeholders, we can better identify methods, goals, objectives, and outcomes.
After our panel interview and further meetings with the Regional Center, it was evident the best way to contract with the Regional Center would be to produce a service design. I derived principles that would structure this design.
1.Motivate empathy between PPNorCal staff and vulnerable populations. By relating individual stories to statistics, I could leverage our mission of education "that empowers all people."
2. Customize education to an audience or an individual to be effective. In this case, using information obtained through a Release of Information could ensure a holistic education experience.
3. Create collaborative networks. This can drive greater community impact from the individual to inter-organizational scale.
I would need to coordinate, mobilize and motivate my peers within my community and organization while iterating on a service design. To start, mapping out a service blueprint could help better conceptualize various touchpoints before getting into the granular logistics of education.
This service blueprint was approached with an emphasis on systems and collaboration in order to align research findings and design principles with outcomes.
Planned Parenthood Northern California's Service Design for Accessible Education
The intake process consists of:
1. Negotiate services between Health Education Specialists and Service Coordinator.
2. Develop goals through Release of Information in collaboration with stakeholders and advocates.
3. Implement education and record progress towards specified goals.
4. Track outcomes, report outcomes, and iterate depending on outcomes.
Features: Custom Education Design
Goals are specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound. The instructional design is dynamic and thereby achievable.
Features: Release of Information
A Release of Information ensures a collaborative, dynamic, and informed education experience. Shared information is used to select tools, strategies, resources, and understand personal histories.
Features: Iterative Education
This education model borrows mixed methods applied research from applied behavioral analysis. By combining qualitative and quantitative information in our progress tracking, we are able to apply findings in future iterations of lessons for a group or client.
Viability Has Many Meanings
This service design created an economically viable product, jobs, facilitates ongoing collaboration between complex stakeholders, and provides a much-needed service. This is what good business should be.
This service is scarce. Because of the need and value of this service, it caught the attention of academics, advocates, and practitioners. I added an addendum for group learning after starting a partnership with Dr. Laurie Sperry, a leader in the field. This created jobs within the Education department, and the option for a social learning environment.0.
Planned Parenthood is the largest sexual and reproductive health education provider in the country. California has one of the largest populations in the US. Every Planned Parenthood in California now has a contract on file with every Regional Center in California.
PPNorCal has facilitated group training events for other service providers and specialists to better disseminate awareness and resources throughout Northern Ca.
PPNorCal has built a library of physical and digital resources including books, curricula, educational DVDs, apps and digital content, trainings and certifications for our staff.
Looking Back and Looking Forward
1. Healthcare and education systems are dynamic and constantly evolving. To appropriately navigate these spaces, it was important to scaffold education services with an ability to adapt to new input.
2. Systemic opportunities require systemic responses. Collaboration can help provide a larger network for people who have special needs.
3. Service design has the ability to infuse communities with more equity. The design of these services allowed stakeholders to bypass systems that are reluctant to follow-through or offer education even when it's needed.
"Accessible design is good design. It benefits people who don't have disabilities as well as people who do. Accessibility is all about removing barriers and providing the benefits of technology to everyone." -Steven Ballmer
Designing for an often occluded 15% of the world's population enables me to design for the remaining 85%. I can connect people to goods, products, services, and technology that create dynamic impact for users and stakeholders alike. This led me to my graduate studies at UW's Master's of Human Computer Interaction and Design program where I learned emerging methods and theory to design with a larger breadth, depth, and impact (see more projects below).